Foreign investors are returning to Thailand’s bonds after a rout drove yields to the highest in nine years.
Global funds have poured 11.5 billion baht (US$316 million) into bonds in October so far, according to data from the Thai Bond Market Association, set to be the biggest inflow since March. While funds are locking in high yields, wagers the central bank may have reached its peak rates are also building the case for gains.
Their return would help alleviate pressure on the nation’s new government, which is increasing its borrowings to fund stimulus spending and a 560-billion-baht ($15.3-billion) cash handout. The yield on Thailand’s 10-year bond surged by more than 50 points since Prime Minister Srettha Thavisin’s administration took power on Sept 5.
“Global demand has gradually returned, though for demand to pick up, foreign investors would need more clarity on the digital wallet measure as well as a stabilisation in US yields,” said Poon Panichpibool, a strategist at Krungthai Bank, referring to the cash hand-out program. Thai bonds may gain if the government cuts the financial support to 400 billion baht or lower, he said.
The new government has announced a slew of populist measures — including the cash handout known as the digital wallet measure, raising minimum wages, a cut in retail prices of electricity and diesel, and freezing farmers debt — to revive a sluggish economy. Deputy Finance Minister Julapun Amornvivat said last week wealthy people may not get the cash.
In a sign of returning demand, last week’s auction of a 15-year sustainability note drew the highest bid-to-cover in nearly a year for that tenor, while the sale of a 2029 bond this week drew a cover that was the highest since it was first issued in July.
Thailand plans to increase borrowings for the new fiscal year, which begins on Oct. 1, by 8%. To alleviate investor concern, the debt management office said it will reduce the sales of long-tenor bonds of 10 years and more to 48% of total issuance from 54% planned earlier.
Thai bonds also look to be less at risk from domestic rate hikes, with Bank of Thailand (BoT) governor Sethaput Suthiwartnarueput signalling last month it is time to pause following 200 basis points of increases since August last year.